This week Google introduced Network Service Tiers Alpha, making the Google Cloud Platform (GCP) the first major public cloud to offer a tiered cloud network. Now Google will let you optimize for performance by choosing the Premium Tier or optimize for cost, using the new Standard Tier.
The Premium Tier delivers traffic over Google’s well-provisioned, low latency, highly reliable global network. This network consists of an extensive global private fiber network with over 100 points of presence (POPs) across the globe. By this measure, Google’s network is the largest of any public cloud provider.
The new Standard Tier delivers network quality comparable to that of other major public clouds, at a lower price than the Premium Tier.
Why is Standard Tier less expensive? Because Google delivers your outbound traffic from GCP to the Internet over transit (ISP) networks instead of Google’s network.
Similarly, Google delivers your inbound traffic, from end user to GCP, on Google’s network only within the region where your GCP destination resides. If your user traffic originates from a different region, their traffic will first travel over transit (ISP) network(s) until it reaches the region of the GCP destination.
Pricing Overview for Tiers
You can review detailed pricing for both tiers here. This pricing will take effect when Network Service Tiers become Generally Available (GA). While in alpha and beta, existing internet egress pricing applies.
With the new Network Tiers pricing (effective at GA), outbound traffic (GCP to internet) is priced 24-33% lower in Standard Tier than in Premium Tier for North America and Europe. Inbound traffic remains free for both Premium and Standard Tiers.